The liver is a vital part of human anatomy. Its main job is to detoxify chemicals and metabolize drugs in blood coming from the digestive tract to ensure it's clean and healthy before it travels to the rest of your body. Livers are designed to last a lifetime, but they can fail if clogged up with unhealthy fat.
The catalytic converter serves a similar function for your car. A crucial part of your vehicle's emissions system, catalytic converters are designed to last the car's lifetime but can fail if they become clogged. When this happens — which is often the case for older cars — your vehicle's exhaust gases can't get through the muffler. That means those gases can't get out of the rear of the vehicle and can't vent through the front either, eventually causing the engine to die because there isn't an appropriate mixture of fuel and air. Basically, the catalytic converter "fails" to do its job.
The only question is, how do you check for a bad catalytic converter? Here are five clogged catalytic converter symptoms:
Symptom #1: You have problems starting your car.
One symptom of liver failure is sleepiness, or difficulty getting up and going in the morning. A clogged catalytic converter can have the same effect on your car, making it difficult to start the car easily — or at all.
Why does this happen?
A clogged catalytic converter keeps exhaust gases in your car, causing the engine to stall from increased exhaust pressure. If your car seems fine at first, but then starts sputtering or stalling, it could be a sign of a catalytic converter issue.
Symptom #2: You're not getting good fuel efficiency.
Do you notice that your gas mileage isn't as good as it used to be? Did it happen suddenly? This could be another symptom of catalytic converter failure. The less oxygen your engine receives, the harder it has to work. The harder it has to work, the more fuel it consumes. The more fuel it consumes, the fewer miles to the gallon you'll be getting out of your fuel. Make sense?
(A clogged liver is similar, by the way, as it causes fatigue and a low appetite.)
Symptom #3: Your check engine light is on.
Your body will tell you when your liver is showing signs of failure, and your car's warning light will let you know when there's an issue. If your car was manufactured in 1996 or later — and chances are pretty good that it was — it will have an on-board diagnostic system that tests the catalytic converter automatically. The check engine light can be triggered by air-to-fuel ratio sensors that determine if your tailpipe is emitting too much pollution.
Sometimes, a faulty catalytic converter fails because another car component fails, such as a spark plug. So make sure you replace bad spark plugs and schedule an inspection if you think there's a potential problem.
Symptom #4: You fail a vehicle emissions test.
Since the catalytic converter is part of your vehicle's emission system, it would make sense that a failed vehicle emissions test would be a sign of a faulty catalytic converter. Just like it would make sense that if your liver enzymes are out of whack on a blood test administered by a doctor, it's a sign of a failing liver.
In Ohio, you have to get your vehicle emissions test annually. Since the catalytic converter is the main component responsible for healthy vehicle emissions, the test will let you know if it's working properly. Problems that may make you fail the test include an increased level of carbon emissions, contaminated antifreeze or motor oil or any of the other symptoms mentioned above.
Symptom #5: You Experience Poor acceleration.
Finally, if your vehicle doesn't accelerate properly when you step your foot on the gas pedal, it could be another sign your catalytic converter is clogged. Reduced engine performance or efficiency is a red flag, as it's another sign that exhaust is trapped in front of the catalytic converter.
If your vehicle jerks or stalls completely when you try to accelerate, it's likely because there is no fuel reaching the engine. The cause of this could be a clogged catalytic converter. The good news is that just like you can treat liver failure if you catch it early enough, you can potentially clean out a clogged catalytic converter if you address it before it damages your other car components.